Infrastructure Inspections and Awareness


Photo Credit: andrewrennie cc

Photo Credit: Kumaravel cc

Or – Why Inspections are Fundamental to Asset Management

Two engineering departments in the City of Honolulu have very different approaches to the same problem.

The city does not have an inspection program for light poles, despite the fact that there are 51,000 street lights on the island. The city says it doesn’t have the money or staff to maintain one.”For us to stop funding other programs, like providing better lighting to fund pole inspections, is something that’s not going to be productive,” said Ross Sasamura, director of the Dept. of Facility Maintenance…

A different department, Transportation Services, takes care of the lights that are attached to traffic signals, like the one that fell on Atkinson. Director Mike Formby is asking for $ 180,000 in the budget to get his own inspection program off the ground.”What we’re trying to do right now is a systematic inspection program, where we go through the county and inspect all the traffic lights in this region and we move through the county,” he said.

via: KHON2 – City to inspect poles when replacing street lights

Considering that steel streetlight poles typically have a lifespan of around 20 years, (and even less in corrosive environments such as salt spray near beaches). A proactive inspection and replacement program would appear valuable to ensure that streetlights are kept in good condition.

Photo Credit: Kumaravel cc

Photo Credit: Kumaravel cc

What is Asset Management?

A pretty straight-forward definition of Asset Management comes from one of my favourite road organizations, Austroads…

“…a comprehensive and structured approach to the long-term management of assets as tools for the efficient delivery of community benefits.” – Strategy for Improving Asset Management Practice, AUSTROADS.

It is impossible to manage assets that you know nothing about, so it is ironic that the director of facility maintenance has no money, or real interest in an inspection program to determine the condition of the assets. Comprehensive asset management programs are built on a foundation of data, and the more quality data you have, the easier it is to manage that asset class.

It is impossible to manage assets that you know nothing about
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And Data Starts with Inspections

In most cases, better quality data only comes from inspections. General assumptions can be made regarding the age of an asset, but without inspection, the actual condition of an asset can only be assumed. Inspections don’t have to be extremely detailed as a first assessment, for instance, streetlight assessments could firstly be done using Google street-view to assess light standard types and “drive by” visual assessment. The next level would be a visual inspection of each pole, looking for rust, dents, missing bolts and soundness of installation. From this information, priority ranking could be determined for repair or replacement.

Prioritizing Asset Management

Effective management of infrastructure assets is a growing challenge for North American local governments. With aging infrastructure, an understanding of the required effort and financing to rehabilitate, renew, replace or abandon existing infrastructure, (even before considering the impacts of growth on asset inventory) is critical. This will inform funding requests at all levels of government and ensure consistency among departments, and build a culture of awareness of how to prevent the problem from recurring.

Simple and inexpensive tools and techniques exist to improve an organization’s infrastructure awareness – infrastructure inspection forms, policy templates, organizational asset maturity assessments, the International Infrastructure Management Manual, and NAMS Plus templates are great starting points.

Strong asset management practices take a proactive approach to the infrastructure deficit issue
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Strong asset management practices take a proactive approach to the infrastructure deficit issue, and establishes business practices that support truly sustainable infrastructure. Neglecting inspections in an effort to focus on “problem areas” is dealing with the symptom, not the problem. There is no understanding of infrastructure deficit, future costs or planning on how to address these issues.


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Chemical Engineering World Featured in Web Technology USA

For a small chemical engineering blog like this, it is a great pleasure and recognition when another website, Web Technology USA, feature us as their content. 
WEB TECHNOLOGY USA is a directory of technology websites. This directory is a good place to start when looking for a list of the top technology websites, blogs and forums. Promising websites are selected from the listing to be the featured websites of the week. The website also posts Press Releases from leading technology companies. There is a dedicated detailed page for each website. The link to the website is provided at the bottom of each directory page.

Chemical Engineering World (this blog) is featured on the home page of Web Technology USA for 2 days.
Chemical Engineering World (this blog) is archived under the Chemical Engineering section.
The website cover the following disciplines: Aerospace, Automotive Engineering, Chemical Engineering, Civil Engineering, Computational Engineering, Computer Science, Cryotechnology, Cybernetics, Data Acquisition and Control, Electrical Engineering, Electronics, Energy, Industrial Engineering, Invention and Innovation, Lighting, Manufacturing, Mechanical Engineering, Metrology, Military Science, Mining, Nanotechnology, Nuclear Power, Optics, Propulsion, Robotics, Space, Structural Engineering and  Surveying. Almost all of the disciplines listed above are directly and indirectly related to chemical engineering.
The directory is maintained by editors who evaluate technology and engineering websites for inclusion in the listing. All entries are subject to the editors’ evaluation. The website is highly selective and takes pride in the quality of their listing. Their main objective is to make the directory a useful resource for the Technology and Engineering Community. The people who runs this directory also maintain another awesome informative website called EEWeb, which caters for electrical engineering communities. EEWeb is so comprehensive where it integrates product news and highlights, article and videos, feature engineer, cartoon, quiz, projects and others related to electrical engineering. I hope one day chemical engineering can be up to the level of EEWeb.

FREE Recommended magazines to get you updated with current engineering news


Have you downloaded my free “Choosing Alternative Fuel” Ebook? If not, then please download it here. It’s Free and on top of getting the free ebook, you’ll get eCourse on Alternative Fuel. It’s a good and easy way to add more valuable information to yourself.

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How I Keep My Lists in Order – Workflowy

How I Keep My Lists in Order – Workflowy featured image

Make Lists, Not War! Photo Credit: kleuske cc

Do you make lists? Do you use an orderly system on your computer or in a notebook; or do you scribble them out on sticky notes? In today’s information rich environment, the ability to keep lists, to-dos, projects and tasks in order is important, do you use lists for brainstorming, or shopping lists? Or how about packing lists? I’ve tried all types of productivity software, and those apps that shine are the often the simplest.

One of my favourites that holds a coveted space on my iPhone homescreen and work desktop is Workflowy. It doesn’t have a calendar and it doesn’t beep at you, but it does have an awesome search, tagging, the ability to mark notes as complete, and great export options.

With Workflowy you have one big list that has bullets and sub-bullets, technically it is what is called an outline or hierarchical outline.

Workflowy Screenshot

Workflowy is blazingly fast, works on all devices and allows almost infinite outline levels (or lists within lists). This is software that is simple and the developers are thoughtful as to additional features and attempting to keep things minimalist. Sign up for a free account and watch the tutorials to get started!

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“No Safe Use”: A Tremendous Piece Of Interactive Journalism About The Terrible Asbestos-Mesothelioma Problem

I highly recommend that anyone with an interest in learning more about asbestos and asbestos-related diseases — the tragic asbestos cancer mesothelioma in particular — take some time to visit this site: “No Safe Use” (Copyright 2014 The Globe and Mail Inc. All Rights).

It starts with a haunting picture of John Nolan, age 67, blinking his eyes, and this interactive site allows you the option of listening to Mr. Nolan tell the story of his battle with mesothelioma, a cancer caused by exposure to asbestos.

Thereafter, you will find this seven-part journalistic report about the current asbestos problem in Canada with each part presenting some additional powerful photographs related to this terrible situation.

  • Part 1:   The Invisible Epidemic (which tell us more about the above-mentioned John Nolan)
  • Part 2:   Exposure Is Still Widespread
  • Part 3:   The Boom Years
  • Part 4:   Six Months To Live
  • Part 5:   Officially Safe In Canada
  • Part 6:   What Can Be Done
  • Part 7:   “Stuck In This Body”

From this tremendous piece of work, we leave you with a child’s note:


 Mesothelioma, Asbestos, and Legal Compensation: Basic Facts

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Free.  Confidential.  No Obligation.

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Asbestos Defendant Garlock Misled Court During Bankruptcy Estimation Trial According To June 2014 Motion Filed By Asbestos Claimants’ Counsel

In early January 2014 Judge George R. Hodges of the U.S. Bankruptcy Court for the Western District of North Carolina made a controversial ruling that Garlock Sealing Technologies LLC’s liability for present and future asbestos-mesothelioma legal claims is $ 125 million.  This was far less than the $ 1 billion that had been asserted by the asbestos claimants’ counsel during the proceeding. In re Garlock Sealing Techs., No. 10-31607 (Bankr. W.D.N.C. Jan. 10, 2014)

Last month, however, lawyers for those asbestos claimants filed a motion to reopen that so-called “bankruptcy estimation trial” because it produced an estimation order which is “tainted”.  Essentially, their contention is that Garlock “has committed a fraud upon the court” by means of false testimony and the manipulation of critical evidence in this asbestos bankruptcy proceeding.


Garlock has misled this Court.  It has invited this Court to conclude, based on incomplete disclosures, misstatements and gross generalizations, that, in every case that mattered, it was the victim of improper withholding of evidence by plaintiffs’ lawyers, and that if only they had been honest, Garlock could not have been found liable for killing people with its asbestos-containing products and would have settled virtually all cases for nuisance value.

Of course, Garlock’s counsel will be filing a brief in opposition to this  asbestos claimants’ motion to reopen, and that should make for some more “interesting” reading as this Garlock asbestos-mesothelioma bankruptcy saga continues.

 Mesothelioma, Asbestos, and Legal Compensation: Basic Facts

Asbestos-Mesothelioma Case Evaluation Form
Free.  Confidential.  No Obligation.

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How to be a Professional Engineer (PE) with IR Status?

I have been asked several times the steps and how to be a professional engineer having an IR status in Malaysia. Due to that, I thought it is better for me to write a special guide explaining step by step what should be done. I’ll try to make this guide as compact and short possible (but still resourceful) so that it won’t waste any of your time.
1. Register with BEM
If you just graduate from university in Malaysia or have graduated for several years already, register with Board of Engineers, Malaysia (BEM). To know the procedure and requirement to register with BEM, click here. To download the registration form, click here. You may need a professional engineer to stamp and sign your application form, degree certificate, results transcript etc. It will take you few weeks to get BEM membership number. Example of BEM membership number is like this: 49818A. This membership number is imperative and will be required when you apply as a graduate member with IEM.
2. Register with IEM
After you get your BEM membership number, you can fill it up and apply to be a graduate member under Institution of Engineers, Malaysia (IEM). To know the procedure and requirement to register with IEM, click here. Now, it is easier as you can apply it online. After you submit completed form, wait few weeks. 
3. Training / Mentoring Process
After your IEM graduate membership is approved, and presumably you work as an engineer (practicing, academic/research), you can start seeking for a mentor. You can ask IEM head quarters located in Petaling Jaya for the list of mentors available in your engineering discipline. If you are a chemical engineer, you need to have a chemical engineer mentor. If you are a civil engineer, you need to have a civil engineer mentor. After you have identified and contacted your mentor, you need to filled up a form to IEM to inform that that person is your mentor. Then you can start meeting / discussing / contacting your mentor. 
Your mentor will be the person who will check / guide you to be a matured professional engineer. You need to prepare monthly report and quarterly report and submit them to your mentor. At the end of each year, you then need to submit the 1 year report to IEM HQ. A special committee will evaluate and check your report. The entire mentoring process will take 3 years. Supposedly, by this time (that 3 years), you are already trained to be a professional engineer, capable to prepare good level of proposal / report etc. This can be observed from the quality and maturity of the report that you prepared. To read IEM Log Book Training Scheme and Guide click here.
Please take note that your the overall training process is conducted by IEM and your mentor is a member of IEM as well. Within this 3 years, it is advisable that you undergo all the 3 mandatory courses that is required by BEM which are (i) Safety and Health at Work (ii) Engineering Management Practice (iii) Code of Ethics and Regulation. Traditionally, the trainings are offered by IEM Training Center (IEMTC) in Petaling Jaya. IEMTC will provide a form that looked like this. However, if you are in other states in Malaysia, you can refer to the regional IEM office. Sometimes the regional IEM office conduct those mandatory courses. As in Johor Bahru, besides IEM Southern Branch (IEMSB), UTM under Professional Qualification Development Division also conduct such mandatory course (link).
4. Professional Interview (PI) to attain Professional Engineer (PE) status – Initial Process
After 3 years, your mentor will hopefully say that you are ready to sit for the Professional Interview (PI) and the special committee that checks/evaluate your report annually will also recommend you for the PI. The PI are conducted regularly throughout the country for members aspiring to attain PE status. For more information about this, IEM has prepared Professional Interview Guidelines and several essay samples (section B) to be downloaded and referred (link).
By this time, it is best that you start filling in IEM PI(1) form [APPLICATION FOR ELECTION AS CORPORATE MEMBER] and standby to fill up IEM PI(2) form [PROFESSIONAL INTERVIEW – DECLARATION AND CERTIFICATION OF DOCUMENTS FORM] – Download link for both forms. 
At the same time, it is best for you to prepare your (a) Training and Experience Report (T&E), and (b) Project Technical Report. The T&E report is basically a report of yourself comprising all of your training and experience since you graduated your bachelor degree. Hence, it is wise to keep a systematic record of all your works, tasks, responsibilities, job scopes etc from all your work(s), positions(s) from various companies (if you have worked in more than one company). In addition, you must make it a point to maintain good and healthy relationship with your previous employer(s), just in case you need to refer back to them for certain things/verification etc.
The Project Technical report should be a specific project that you have performed previously that comprised of all engineering elements. This include but not limited to the problem itself, engineering design, calculation, project management, safety-health-environment, costing etc. Having a real engineering design solution will be far better than a conceptual design. Take note of that in mind.

After submission of IEM PI(1) form, the IEM committee will see whether you are eligible for the Professional Interview or not. Your name will be published in the magazine Jurutera, to advertise that you plan to sit for the Professional Interview. If anybody feels that you are not eligible for the interview, they should let IEM knows about it. Normally, everything will be OK if you are an ethical engineer. Then you are required to fill up IEM PI(II) form. IEM committee will assess the form and assign a Principal Interviewer to handle your interview. There will be a second interview as well. However, normally the Principal Interviewer or IEM secretariat will liaise with you on the interview. By this time also you need to get yourself familiar with the engineering codes of ethics.

5. The Professional Interview

If everything is fine, the Principal Interviewer or IEM secretariat will contact you to decide the date and venue for the interview. They will also request for the T&E Report and Project Technical Report. It is imperative that you prepare a very good reports for them to evaluate during the Professional Interview.

During the interview, both panels will interview you. The interview process will be in a relaxed atmosphere and they will attempt to check all requirements from you. After the interview, you need to sit for the essay questions. There are all together 2 essay questions that you need to do. The first one is related to you Project Technical Report and the second one is related to the engineering code of ethics. Duration of the essay question is 3 hours.After you complete everything, just wait for the result.

6. Result of Professional Interview

The result could take about 1 to 2 months to be officially announced. You can also call or email the IEM secretariat in charge to know the result. After the IEM committee monthly meeting, if you passed, a certificate acknowledging that you are upgraded as an IEM Corporate Member will be produced and delivered to you. This is a massive result and the ticket for you attaining the IR status is almost there.

7. Getting the IR status Endorsed

Now, you should prepare all the paper works required by BEM to upgrade yourself as a Professional Engineer. You need to fill Form BI (PERMOHONAN UNTUK PENDAFTARAN SEBAGAI JURUTERA PROFESIONAL)(download link) and prepare the following are:

(i) Application shall be accompanied with a processing fee of RM50.00 and a registration fee of RM300,00 in *postal order/money order/bank draft/cheque made payable to Lembaga Jurutera Malaysia.
(ii) Certificate (s) of training.
(iii) Copy of Board’s letter on passing of the Professional Assessment Examination (Professional Interview) or copy of MIEM certificate.
(iv) Copy of degree certificate.
(v) Copy of registration letter as Graduate Engineer with the Board of Engineers Malaysia.
(vi) Photocopy of birth certificate / identity card.
(vii) Passport size photo-please write your name and registration number.
(viii) Evidence of compliance to Regulation 22(1)(b) i.e. certificate of attendance only for Graduate Engineer registered after 1/1/2005.

Submit all of them to BEM and wait. If everything is fine, it will normally take about 2-3 weeks until your certificate of IR endorsement is couriered to you. However, if there is some problem or incomplete documentation (normally the Certificate of Training), then you will need to complete whatever necessary, then resubmit to BEM.

It is important to note that all photostated documents submitted together with this application must be certified-true-copy by a registered Professional Engineer.


(i) All certificates of training must be on the letterhead of the department/company addressed to the Registrar of the Board of Engineers Malaysia and the originals should be submitted to the Board. The certificate should state the period of practical training, post held and summary of the work you have undergone. The certificate of the training must be certified by the registered Professional Engineer/Professional Engineers under whom you have obtained your training.

(ii) For those involve in teaching profession, he/she must undergo at least one year of industrial training under the supervision of a Professional Engineer in the same branch or engineering as that practiced by the Graduate Engineer.

(iii) The name of the Professional Engineer signing the certificate of training must be clearly stated together with his Professional Engineer registration number and the branch of engineering he is qualified has to be indicated beside his name.

(iv) The Professional Engineers certifying the applicant’s prescribed training must be of the same discipline as that of the applicant.

(v) If you have worked in more than one department/company in the 3 years, you need to submit two or more certificates. All the certificates of training submitted must be certified by the respective registered Professional Engineer under whom you have undergone your training. 

If you still have doubt on the IR endorsement part after you obtained you already become IEM Corporate Member, you can contact 603-2696 7095 / 7096 / 7097 / 7098 or email: or

8. Maintaining your PE Status

You need to maintain certain training CPD hours while working. Don’t worry, this does not mean that you have to attend all trainings/seminars that have BEM and IEM CPD hours. You should do that when you can. However, part or most of your work can get you qualify for the CPD hours.

Just go to BEM website ( Click the image to enlarge.

Then, fill up your username and password. For first timer, you need to contact BEM to get this information.

Then fill up your personal details and academic qualifications. Next, you can start filling in the CPD Records.

The online CPD record makes it easier for us to keep and maintain our record. For first timer, just click Register New CPD record. Then, you’ll arrive at a new page to insert all your activities. The CPD hours will be automatically calculated. It is very simple and easy.

At the end of every year in December, make sure you complete filling up all your activities, jobs, tasks, assignments, meetings, trainings, courses, seminars, consultancy, projects etc. Then after everything is complete, you can click the Renewal link to renew your PE status for the following year.

The PE status must be renewed each and every year. You should not ignore this, especially after all the 3 years of hard work preparing all those reports and attending the mandatory courses.

If there is any questions, feel free to ask them in the comment area below. This article is last updated on the 8th of July 2014. I will continue updating this article from time to time. Feel free to share this article to those interested to be a professional engineer. I apologies for the lack of clarity and length of the article.

Free Magazine / Resource: Chemical Engineering serves chemical engineering professionals in the chemical process industry including manufacturing, engineering, government, academia, financial institutions and others allied to the field serving the global chemical process industry.

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Instead of reading, why not share your writing of chemical engineering knowledge and experiences here, in Chemical Engineering World blog? It will be interesting. It doesn’t matter if you are still a chemical engineering students or you just work as an engineer or you are a very experience engineer. Sharing your story would be great. I am also still learning and would like to learn something from you. Just email me to share something in this blog. You can share stories, articles, photos, infographics, podcast, videos etc. 

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Begbie Lake

A rarely visited lake just off HWY23 south of Revelstoke. No real beach, but lots of rainbow trout waiting to be caught from a float tube. Note:It would be challenging to get a canoe down the trail from the hwy.

Begbie Lake

Begbie Lake

  • Camera: iPhone 5c
  • Taken: 21 June, 2014
  • Location: 50° 54′ 41.38″ N 118° 11′ 6.32″ W


Urban Workbench

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What Have You Shipped?

Photo Credit: lemonhalf cc

Last week I received a report on our departmental progress, it was in effect, a reminder of what we’ve “shipped” over the past six months. Having a regular reminder of your progress seems like a good thing, and it is supported by research:

making headway on meaningful work brightens a person’s inner work life and boosts long-term progress. It isn’t monetary rewards and recognition that truly motivate us. It’s a sense that we are accomplishing something meaningful – day by day.

Why a ‘done’ list beats a to-do list

Tracking these things we’ve done makes sense, we should celebrate our accomplishments, and challenge ourselves on the work we are doing and what we are achieving. Seth Godin asked this question a couple of years ago, and the idea stuck with me…

But what have you shipped?

What have you done with your connection skills that has been worthy of criticism, that moved the dial and that changed the world?

Go, do that.

But what have you shipped? – Seth Godin

Photo Credit: lemonhalf cc

Photo Credit: lemonhalf cc

I’ve started making a note of the my done list. At the end of the day, I write down the things that I’ve shipped/done/achieved that day. For inspiration, the iDoneThis app‘s ebook suggests the following questions:

  1. What did you get done today?
  2. What did I make progress on today?
  3. What impacted your progress?
  4. What did you do today that you especially want to remember in the future?
  5. What good have I done today?
  6. What are 3 good things about today?

So… What have you shipped today?

Urban Workbench

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How Lung Cancer Cases Might Qualify For Asbestos Claims Compensation (And Why Smoking Does Not Serve To Disqualify)

It is not widely known the smoking lung cancer claims can get legal compensation payments from many asbestos bankruptcy trust funds if certain criteria are satisfied by the facts.

This article will discuss how a person with lung cancer who has had some asbestos exposure in the past could possibly obtain payments by one or more of the asbestos bankruptcy trusts despite having a smoking history.

As background, many companies have been forced into bankruptcy as a result of significant asbestos litigation costs and have reorganized under Section 524(g) of the U.S. Bankruptcy Code. These corporate reorganizations under 524(g) often involve the creation of personal injury trusts intended to make payments to individuals with qualifying asbestos-related claims, including people with lung cancer who had asbestos exposure and who smoked, also.

These 524(g) asbestos bankruptcy trusts typically provide two processes under which a claim can be qualified and paid. The first process is often referred to as “Expedited Review”. The second process offered by many asbestos trusts in an “Individual Review” option.

The Expedited Review payment criteria for lung cancer claims for most asbestos bankruptcy trusts can be reduced to the following four points:

(1) Primary lung cancer plus underlying bilateral asbestos-related non-malignant disease, which can be: asbestosis (interstitial fibrosis caused by asbestos); pleural plaques; pleural thickening; or, pleural calcification.

(2) Six months of asbestos-containing product exposure, which can range from working with or around: thermal insulation such as pipe covering; industrial / institutional boilers; and, finishing cement or joint compound.

(3) Five years of “Significant Occupational Exposure”, the definition of which may include 20 industries as well as nearly 2,000 combinations of industries and occupations where asbestos exposure was likely.

(4) A medical causation statement by a treating doctor or an expert retained by a lawyer.

Notably, for an Expedited Review lung cancer claim there is no smoking history disclosure requirement.

Moving to the Individual Review process — which allows for a higher payment to the claimant — for the lung cancer category the claimant is considered to be a “non-smoker” if the person has at least 12-years of smoking cessation prior to the lung cancer diagnosis date.

In summary, a person with lung cancer who has a minimum of bilateral pleural thickening plus five-years occupational exposure in one of the 2,000 industries – occupations combinations could possibly qualify for a legal claim payment from an asbestos bankruptcy trust fund.

To the extent that you or someone you know has a possible smoking lung cancer asbestos case that might fit the bankruptcy claims criteria set forth above, we encourage you to contact us or some other experienced asbestos law firm for a free evaluation of the matter.

 Mesothelioma, Asbestos, and Legal Compensation: Basic Facts

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Medical Journal Article About The Clinical, Radiologic, And Pathologic Characteristics Of Asbestos-Related Disease Asbestosis

When asbestos dust or fibers cause scarring of the lungs, also called fibrosis, then the diagnosis will typically be asbestosis.

Although published back in 2002, this article from the RadioGraphics medical journal article, “Asbestos: When the Dust Settles—An Imaging Review of Asbestos-related Disease”, still provides a good overview of the clinical, radiologic, and pathologic characteristics of asbestosis.

From that article, which includes 14 radiology images concerning the asbestosis diagnosis process:

  • Asbestosis is the term given to lung fibrosis caused by asbestos dusts, which may or may not be associated with pleural fibrosis . There is a dose-response relationship between exposure and severity of fibrosis . The lag between exposure and onset of symptoms is usually 20 years or longer (sometimes more than 40 years) but can be as little as 3 years in cases with constant heavy exposure.
  • The changes of asbestosis are more pronounced in the lower lobes and subpleurally but often extend to involve the middle lobe and lingula. Upper lobes can be involved in advanced cases. Honeycombing, as in other fibrotic lung diseases, can occur in advanced disease but is not, however, present in the majority….
  • Features on chest radiographs include ground-glass opacification, small nodular opacities, “shaggy” cardiac silhouette, and ill-defined diaphragmatic contours. Honeycombing and volume loss are seen in more advanced disease.
  • CT, especially high-resolution CT, is more sensitive than plain radiography in depicting asbestosis.
  • The main differential diagnosis both radiologically and histopathologically is usual interstitial pneumonitis or idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis.

[Footnotes and references to associated images omitted.]

Some other non-malignant asbestos-related conditions that are less serious than asbestosis include pleural plaques and pleural thickening.

The asbestos-related cancers are malignant mesothelioma and bronchogenic carcinoma such as lung cancer.

This RadioGraphics medical journal article has discussions of and radiology images for those asbestos-related diseases, also.

 Mesothelioma, Asbestos, and Legal Compensation: Basic Facts

Asbestos-Mesothelioma Case Evaluation Form
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Asbestos, what are the dangers?

Are you planning on renovating your home sweet home? If yes, you must be aware about the dangers of the asbestos. For home-owners, it is critically important to be aware of safe management of asbestos in and around their dwelling.

As per the Asbestos surveys, some facts you should know about asbestos.

  • Just by looking at the material, you cannot tell whether it contains asbestos.
  • In case of doubt, it is advised to assume that you are dealing with "IT". Additionally, take every possible precaution.
  • The safest way is to hire professional & well-trained asbestos removal service provider.
  • Also, there are specific laws-N-regulations, when it comes to asbestos removal.

Understanding Asbestos

Until mid-1980's, asbestos was commonly used in home building material. So, if your home was built or renovated before 1986, it is likely to contain the much talked material. Chemically, it is natural occurring fibrous silicate mineral, which was considered to a versatile material because of the ability to survive high temperatures, erosion, water and fire.

As per the asbestos surveys, it is a potential danger. Why is asbestos fibre or dust harmful for health?

First and foremost, there are safe levels of this material. Well, everyone is aware of the controversial dental amalgam, but safe levels are calculated for everyone. However, when it comes to “Asbestos” respiration, there are no safe levels. Either removing or working with it, proper safety precautions must be observed. Else, you may risk yourself & your loved ones to long-run/semi-permanent health risks. Toxic and super-fine fibres of asbestos can be released, if it is disturbed. And breathing such toxic dust is nothing but an invitation to the toxicity of lung cancer or asbestosis or mesothelioma. Till date, there is no cure or foolproof treatment for mesothelioma, a cancer which occurs along the lining of Lungs. A recent research shows, the rates for this incurable cancer type is expected to rise strongly from 2012 to 2015.

The prolonged exposure to such fibrous dust, increases the danger of contracting asbestos related diseases. For those, who are chain smokers, the risk of lung cancer caused from inhaling these toxic fibres greatly increases. Also, the worst part is symptoms of diseases caused by these toxic fibres do not appear about 20 to 30 years after the first exposure. As calculated by the medical science, the average time b/w the very first exposure and evolving mesothelioma is approximately 45 years.

The 4 main Asbestos Related Diseases are:

  • Pleural Disease The soreness and inflammation of the outer lining of lung are called the pleura. The pleura thickens widely, which further restricts breathing.
  • Asbestosis Under the influence of this disease, the airway through oxygen is pumped to blood gets inflamed. The lungs become stiff & inelastic, which in turn causes breathing problems.
  • Lung Cancer Particularly, for chain smokers prolonged exposure to these toxic fibres increases the risk of lung cancer greatly.
  • Mesothelioma This in an incurable cancer, which occurs along the lining of Lungs.

In case you suspect something as asbestos while renovating your place it may be wise to call out an asbestos survey company like Asbestos Survey Projects, who are trained in understanding the impacts of your asbestos problem. ASP can be found here; Asbestos Survey Projects Limited, Patrick House, 5 Maney Corner, Sutton Coldfield B72 1QL, Telephone 0121 362 3402. If you suspect asbestos do not

  • Cut or drill it
  • Drop it
  • Dismantle or scrap it
  • Demolish or dump it
  • Importantly, do not dump it, hire professional removal services.